CORPORIS FABRICA
The smallpox virus retention controversy:
The introductory paragraph for the Wikipedia article on smallpox currently begins:

Smallpox was….

The reason, as you may be aware, is due to the fact that it was the first infectious disease to have been eradicated by humanity as of 1979. 
The trouble is this: two vials containing the final remnants of this terrible disease still remain in government laboratories in the US and Russia. Debate continues even now, 35 years after a smallpox-free world, as to whether or not we should extinguish this virus. 
Of course, some argue for destruction of the vials on the basis that they may still pose a threat if security is compromised. Surely no valid reason exists for keeping them intact?
Those who oppose them assert that we can’t fully confirm smallpox as eradicated and the vials may one day prove crucial for research. Another possibility is the emergence of bioweaponry based on the virus, which may require this research to counteract. 
Tumblr, what do you think?

The smallpox virus retention controversy:

The introductory paragraph for the Wikipedia article on smallpox currently begins:

Smallpox was….

The reason, as you may be aware, is due to the fact that it was the first infectious disease to have been eradicated by humanity as of 1979. 

The trouble is this: two vials containing the final remnants of this terrible disease still remain in government laboratories in the US and Russia. Debate continues even now, 35 years after a smallpox-free world, as to whether or not we should extinguish this virus. 

Of course, some argue for destruction of the vials on the basis that they may still pose a threat if security is compromised. Surely no valid reason exists for keeping them intact?

Those who oppose them assert that we can’t fully confirm smallpox as eradicated and the vials may one day prove crucial for research. Another possibility is the emergence of bioweaponry based on the virus, which may require this research to counteract. 

Tumblr, what do you think?

There was once a time when a ticket, like the one above, would gain you access to a live theater dissection, like the one below. 
Pictured, students at Jefferson Medical college crowd into the bleachers of a lamplit amphitheater to witness the slow disassembly of a cadaver. The room in which they sat became known to students as ‘The Pit’ during its day. 
Notice how the surgeons and anatomists of the 19th century wore three piece suits in the theater rather than our more familiar gowns and gloves. 
Zoom Info
There was once a time when a ticket, like the one above, would gain you access to a live theater dissection, like the one below. 
Pictured, students at Jefferson Medical college crowd into the bleachers of a lamplit amphitheater to witness the slow disassembly of a cadaver. The room in which they sat became known to students as ‘The Pit’ during its day. 
Notice how the surgeons and anatomists of the 19th century wore three piece suits in the theater rather than our more familiar gowns and gloves. 
Zoom Info

There was once a time when a ticket, like the one above, would gain you access to a live theater dissection, like the one below. 

Pictured, students at Jefferson Medical college crowd into the bleachers of a lamplit amphitheater to witness the slow disassembly of a cadaver. The room in which they sat became known to students as ‘The Pit’ during its day. 

Notice how the surgeons and anatomists of the 19th century wore three piece suits in the theater rather than our more familiar gowns and gloves. 

Can buckminsterfullerene be adapted to make tiny molecular bombs?
C60 is a geometrically wondrous allotrope of carbon forming a near-perfect sphere. Interestingly, new research is suggesting that the simple addition of nitrate groups could render this molecule a potent explosive force, capable of creating temperatures of 4000 °C on ignition!
It has been suggested that these buckybombs may one day be used to fight the most tenacious of microbial invaders within the human body where conventional treatments wither. 

Can buckminsterfullerene be adapted to make tiny molecular bombs?

C60 is a geometrically wondrous allotrope of carbon forming a near-perfect sphere. Interestingly, new research is suggesting that the simple addition of nitrate groups could render this molecule a potent explosive force, capable of creating temperatures of 4000 °C on ignition!

It has been suggested that these buckybombs may one day be used to fight the most tenacious of microbial invaders within the human body where conventional treatments wither. 

mediumaevum:

Disability during the Middle Ages
In medieval England, the 'lepre', the 'blynde', the 'dumbe', the 'deaff', the 'natural fool', the 'creple', the 'lame' and the 'lunatick' were a highly visible presence in everyday life. People could be born with a disability, or were disabled by diseases such as leprosy, or years of backbreaking work.
Attitudes to disability were mixed. People thought it was a punishment for sin, or the result of being born under the hostile influence of the planet Saturn. Others believed that disabled people were closer to God - they were suffering purgatory on earth rather than after death and would get to heaven sooner.
image (x)

mediumaevum:

Disability during the Middle Ages

In medieval England, the 'lepre', the 'blynde', the 'dumbe', the 'deaff', the 'natural fool', the 'creple', the 'lame' and the 'lunatick' were a highly visible presence in everyday life. People could be born with a disability, or were disabled by diseases such as leprosy, or years of backbreaking work.

Attitudes to disability were mixed. People thought it was a punishment for sin, or the result of being born under the hostile influence of the planet Saturn. Others believed that disabled people were closer to God - they were suffering purgatory on earth rather than after death and would get to heaven sooner.

image (x)

The World Health Organisation has recently mandated a new, single use syringe design.
The unique construction of the syringe plunger prevents reuse of each item. After one complete injection, it cannot be drawn back again and will break if tampered with. It is hoped that this cheaply fabricated syringe will lower rates of accidental or misinformed reuse of contaminated needles and thereby transmission of the associated blood-borne diseases. 
WHO estimates that 1.3 million deaths occur annually as a result of contaminated needles. Hepatitis, AIDS and viral hemorrhagic fever are all diseases which are targeted by this innovation. 

The World Health Organisation has recently mandated a new, single use syringe design.

The unique construction of the syringe plunger prevents reuse of each item. After one complete injection, it cannot be drawn back again and will break if tampered with. It is hoped that this cheaply fabricated syringe will lower rates of accidental or misinformed reuse of contaminated needles and thereby transmission of the associated blood-borne diseases. 

WHO estimates that 1.3 million deaths occur annually as a result of contaminated needles. Hepatitis, AIDS and viral hemorrhagic fever are all diseases which are targeted by this innovation. 

Adermatoglyphia, an exceedingly rare medical condition which causes a total absence of fingerprints.
This genetic anomaly is sometimes known as the ”immigration-delay disease” on account of the trouble it can cause people during border inspections.

Adermatoglyphia, an exceedingly rare medical condition which causes a total absence of fingerprints.

This genetic anomaly is sometimes known as the ”immigration-delay disease” on account of the trouble it can cause people during border inspections.

Swaroup Anand, 23, undergoes heart surgery whilst conscious. 
Why? If the patient remains awake, it may be possible to detect complications of the surgery (such as stroke or cognitive damage) earlier than otherwise. The surgical team is then more able to recover from the damage before lasting effects take hold. 
Photo credit to Tom Parker. 

Swaroup Anand, 23, undergoes heart surgery whilst conscious. 

Why? If the patient remains awake, it may be possible to detect complications of the surgery (such as stroke or cognitive damage) earlier than otherwise. The surgical team is then more able to recover from the damage before lasting effects take hold. 

Photo credit to Tom Parker

currentsinbiology:

Tongue of a fly (30x)
H.S. Baird
Northridge, California, USA
Technique: 10x objective on 600-millimeter bellows - Rheinberg Illumination

The multiple fine filaments of the proboscis draw in newly liquefied food by capillary action. 

currentsinbiology:

Tongue of a fly (30x)

H.S. Baird

Northridge, California, USA

Technique: 10x objective on 600-millimeter bellows - Rheinberg Illumination

The multiple fine filaments of the proboscis draw in newly liquefied food by capillary action.